Indian Linguistic Tradition and the Influence of Sanskrit: A Discussion
Linguistics means the Science of language which deals with the history and scientific investigation of languages. It does not however, stand in isolation from other sciences, but as one of the most important developments of the human race it is intimately connected with many of languages, casting new light upon them, and receiving indispensable illumination from them. The earliest literary works in any Indo-European languages are undoubtedly the samples of the Vedas. These consisted largely of hymns addressed to various divine powers. From the very beginning these mantras were looked upon a specially sacred and special efforts were made to memorize them, to analyse them and to understand their meaning. As this language of the Vedas became obsolete and difficult to interpret, their devotees prepared commentaries. The result of such linguistic analysis was a standardized language. So completely described and regulated (Samskṛta) that it underwent few further changes. This ‘Samskṛtais’ known to us as ‘Sanskrit’. Beside the Samskṛta “regulated, cultivated, corrected” there existed spoken language is called Prakṛta. We have neglected so far the study of language from the human point of view. We must study language as such, as a living human subject for mental discipline. Today every sane and impartial human being is thinking that a full realization of human brotherhood is the only hope for mankind. And every subject to be taught in our Schools and Colleges should emphasis this human unity.