Diaspora and Traditional Gender Roles
The present paper explores the exchanging of gender roles in diasporic conditions. As Gender is defined as the creation of social and cultural features, situations and approaches for men and women in any society. A reversal can also take place as a change in favorable circumstances. This change can be constructive or destructive against the traditional norms. Gender roles vary from culture to culture. A great body of literature is produced on such swapping of gender roles by the writers. It is because of changed social and cultural conditions. Diaspora has also played an important role to effect the social, economic and cultural life of people that results in reversing of gender roles. Lahiri often describes such reversal of gender roles in her fictions, especially relating husband and wife roles. Lahiri's married characters are often found confuse of marriage roles while cooking, working outside the home, and raising the children. Diasporic characters of Lahiri are always embodied in remarkable positions. The culture sufferings, generation gaps, and gender roles are some products of Diasporas. In Lahiri’s Lowland, America liberates Gauri and also provides intellectual and academic confidence .But she is incapable of having a parental feeling towards her daughter. On the other hand, Subhash raises Bela like her own biological father. Subhash is the family’s nurturer. He doesn’t let himself get trapped by the past like Gauri. He learns to adjust to the present situation. The objective of this study is to explain the swapping of gender roles in diasporic situation of a hesitant mother (Gauri) and a flexible, gentle father(Subhash).