Bicultural Ambivalence and Acculturation in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake
Every country has its own social-cultural and artistic cryptograph, but no culture has remained similar in the present era. Due to the portability of human beings across the borders of a nation, the socio-cultural values of a society are becoming diverse and hybrid. The social values, customs, religious beliefs, technologies, food habits and products are mixed with the cultural character of nations and their racial values. The current work attempts to bring out-migration, ethnicity, and multiculturalism in the novel, The Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri. Migration and worldwide space facilitate cultural hybridism in the behavioural pattern of the characters that are caught between the cultures of the two nations. The paper will also handle two different generations and their responses to multiculturalism and international space. Jhumpa Lahiri captures both the cultural experience and the consequential psychological and emotional crises in the lives of her characters. Lahiri makes use of her novel as a forum that discusses the borders of society and culture to associate identities that move across continents, communities, and cultures. The cultural difficulty of second-generation migrants is explored by her. Lahiri being a second-generation migrant clarifies the thinking of cultural hybridism and international space. The cultural markers of the first generation migrants are thrown away by the second generation immigrants and they hold the culture of the host nation. The ethnic bonds of the homeland are strong with the first generation migrants which are obvious in their effort of celebrations and community meetings that showcase their ghettoize. The second generation of the migrants, on the other hand, prefers liberty, free sex and mongrelize. Cuttings lose from their Indian civilization, the second generation migrants attempt to incorporate with the culture of the host nation but they fail to do so. They are seen with a hyphenated individuality.