Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein As A Text About Nature and Culture

  • Kunal Debnath MA, NET Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India


In Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein (1818), we find several dichotomies: culture/nature, self/other, ego/id, male/female et cetera. In the novel, Victor is a scientist who wants to inject life into inanimate objects and thereby become a creator, a god. As science is an element of culture, Victor is associated with culture. But he represents the darker side of culture: scientism misused as fantasy. On the other hand, the creature is associated with nature. Though Victor infuses life into the monster through a scientific experiment, the monster is still a nature’s child as he is brought up in the midst of wild natural landscape. In the novel, we find that ‘male’ science (as a part of culture), in the person of Victor, penetrates “into the recesses of nature†(Shelley, 1818).


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How to Cite
DEBNATH, Kunal. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein As A Text About Nature and Culture. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 9, p. 10, sep. 2019. ISSN 2582-3574. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 06 july 2020. doi: