The International Students in the US Schools: The Case of English Language Learners. Is it enough to have policies?
There is a significant increase in the US school districts in the enrollment of English language learners (ELLs) who cannot speak, read, or write English well enough to participate meaningfully in educational programs without appropriate English language learning (ELL) support services. ELLs are at risk of losing the educational opportunities provided to students in general. It is vital to take steps to address the language-related limitations experienced by such students. The Department of Education memorandum of May 25, 1970, directs school districts to take action to help ELLs overcome language barriers and to ensure that they can participate meaningfully in the districts' educational programs. OCR is also accountable for enforcing Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prevent discrimination based on race, color, or national origin (Department of Justice& Department of Education, 2015).