Language in Multicultural Society
Learning a language, is not only learning sounds, alphabets and grammar, but it also means learning the customs and cultural norms. We all grow up in social circles, we informally learn how to use language expressions, gestures, tones. We get to learn the acceptable behaviors or language use in our society. We all speak Languages. We all imbibe Cultures. Language expresses a particular meaning that represents the culture of a particular social group. We interact with a language and culture becomes its reference point.
Krober(1923) expresses, "Culture, then, began when speech was present, and from then on, the enrichment of either means the further development of the others". Hence, language and culture are complex, yet inseparable form of human interactions. Culture is complexly intertwined with language. Human interactions are defined as communication. The communicative force of culture works not only in representing aspects of reality, but also in connecting one context with another.
According to the linguistic relativity principle, the way we think about the world, gets influenced by the language we use to express it and vice versa. Therefore, consciously or unconsciously, we show certain behaviors and carry certain language habits which are deeply rooted in our culture. Thus learning a language means learning and adopting that culture.
This paper deals with this very relationship of language and culture with a cross-cultural interaction, how teaching and learning a foreign language plays a role in learning the target culture. This paper will make recommendations for effective culture education in foreign language classroom to develop intercultural competence.
Byram, M. (1989). Cultural studies in foreign language education. Cle vedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.
Byram, M., & Morgan, C. (1994) Teaching-and-Learning language and culture. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Campbell Richard J. (1997), Innovations in research-based practice, Personnel Psychology, Vol. 50 Issue 2.
Chastain(1975)Affective and ability factors in second language acquisition, Language Learning Journal, Vol 25, Issue 1
Grfinkel(1972), Teaching language via Radio: A review of resources, The Modern language Journal, Vol 56, Issue 3
Hendon(1980), Introducing culture in the high school foreign language class, Foreign Language Annuals 13.
Kramsch (1993), Context and Culture in Language Teaching, OUP Oxford Publications
Rivers, W.M. (1981) Teaching Foreign-Language Skills. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Wardhaugh(2002) , Introduction to Sociolinguistics, Linguistic