Self-Actualisation in Paulo Coelhoâ€™s Select Novels
Self-actualisation theory identifies the real creative self of an individual. Paulo Coelhoâ€™s novels are numerous among them The Alchemist, The Pilgrimage, Eleven Minutes and Veronica Decides to Die are presented because they highlight the theory of self-actualisation, where Coelho conveys the readers to give themselves freedom and courage to explore the best of their own self. The Alchemist pictures the journey of Santiago who follows his heart and experiences self-actualisation. The Pilgrimage is Coelhoâ€™s spiritual awakening of self-actualisation along the road to Santiago through ten spiritual exercises. The novel Eleven Minutes is the experience of a young prostitute who undergoes self-actualisation through love and sex. The novel Veronika Decides to Die depicts about Veronika who escapes from death and discovers herself when death seems to be very near. The experience of self-actualisation is the ultimate objective of every human being. Therefore, self-actualisation in Paulo Coelhoâ€™s select novels is presented.
â€”. The Alchemist. Trans. Margaret Jull Costa. New Delhi: Harper Collins, 2004.
â€”. The Pilgrimage. Trans. Alan R.Clarke. New Delhi: Harper Collins, 2016.
â€”. The Pilgrimage. Trans. Margaret Jull Costa. New Delhi: Harper Collins, 2004.
â€”. Veronika Decides to Die. Trans. Margaret Jull Costa. New Delhi: Harper Collins, 2004.
Jung, C.G. Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the self (Collected Works). Princeton: N.J.Bollingen, 1951.
Kok Sui, Choa. Compassionate Objectivity. Institute for Inner Studies Publishing Foundation India Private Limited, 2011.
Richard, J, G Gerrig Philip and Zimbardo. Psychology and Life. Seventeenth Edition. London: Pearson Education Inc and Dorling Kindersley, 2006.
Ruch, Floyd L. Psychology and Life. Seventh Edition. Scott, Foreman and Company, USA 1970.
Robbins, Anthony. Awaken the Giant within. London: Simon & Schuster UK Ltd, 1991.
Saraswathi, Swami Satyananda. Sure Ways to Self-Realization. Yoga Publications Trust, Munger, Bihar, India. 2013.
Sharma, Sanjay Prakash. Educational Psychology. New Delhi: Vista International Publishing House, 2006.
Tutoo, D.N and C.L Kundoo. Educational Psychology. 5th Revised and Enlarged Edition. Greater Noida: Sterling Publishers Pvt Limited, 1988.
Yogananda, Sri Sri Paramahamsa. Journey to Self-Realization. Ranchi: Yogada Satsanga Society of India, 2005.
â€”. Man's Eternal Quest. Ranchi, Jharkhand: Yogada Satsanga Society of India, 2003.
Olson, Ann. â€œThe Theory of Self-Actualisation and Psychopathologyâ€, 13 August, 2013 www.psychologytoday.com. Accessed 16 September 2019.